Xian Xinghai was a very famous musician in China. He wrote one of the greatest pieces ofmusic of the 20thcentury. In his short life he wrote-1 300 songs and an opera.
Xian was bom in Panyu, Guangdong, China in 1905. Because his father died before he was born, Xian moved from place to place with-2 mother. He began learning to play_3 violinwhen he was 20 years old. In the beginning, his violin wascheap and badly made thathe_5 not play it well. His friends laughed at him. Xian did not stop6and soon showedhis talent. In 1934, he was one of the first Chinese students_7 studied in a special musicschool in Paris. Before he8, Xian became the schools best student9 won severalprizes for his talents.
In 1935, he returned to China and helped fight against the Japanese army. Later, he came toYan’an10music at a college.11there were no pianos in Yan’an at that time Xian stillwrote12of his most important music there, including The Yellow River, his most famouswork.
In May 1940, Xian 13to the Soviet Union by the Chinese Communist Party to writemusic for movies. In the Soviet Union, life was very14. Xian got sick and later died of a lungillness15October 30, 1945, aged only 40. Xian’s music, however, lives on in the people’shearts.
1. A.near B. nearly C. nearby D.nearer
2. A.he B. him C. his D. he’s
3. A.a B. an C. the D. this
4. A.so B. such C. very D. much
5. A.need B. may C.should D. could
6. A.practice B.practicing C.to practice D.practised
7. A. what B. which C.whom D. who
8. A.leave B. leaves C. left D. was leaving
9. A.and B. but C. as D. or
10. A.teach B.taught C.teaching D. to teach
11. A.If B. Although C. When D. Because
12. A.any B. little C. fewD. some
13. A.sent B. was sent C. has sent D. was sending
14. A.hard B. harder C. hardest D. the hardest
15. A.at B. in C. on D. by
Before graduating college, Jackie began to look for a job. She aimed at a famous company, butthe 16for such jobs was very strong. The company Jackie chose planned to employ only oneperson, but more than twenty people applied for the job.17, Jackie was one of the threepeople invited for the final interview. The interview was very 18_.The interviewer asked just afew questions and it was all over in less than 10 minutes. Then the interviewer said to them, 'All ofyou are very good. Please go home and 19 our response.”
Three days later, Jackie received a message saying she would not be20 the job. She feltdeeply disappointed. That evening. however she received another21. This time it said thatshe got the job.
Jackie later found out that the first message sent to her phone was part of the interview---a
22to see if she was suitable for the job. All the three people received the_23 _text,butonly Jackie’s reply24 the company Of the three, one did not reply. The other said“goodbye”and Jackie said“thank you”. This reply showed that Jackie was a/an25person, so thecompany offered her the job.
16. A.examB. workC. competition D.plan
17.A. ThankfullyB. UnluckilyC. HopefullyD.Immediately
18. A.longB. strict C.interestingD. simple
19. A. pick up B. wait forC. deal with D. think of
20. A.offeredB. returnedC. refusedD. shown
21. A.letterB. e-mailC. call D. message
22. A guideB. conversationC. test D. lesson
23. A. sameB. other C. second D. whole
24. A.reachedB. satisfiedC.helpedD. surprised
25. A. brave B. clever C. polite D. honest
For his eleventh birthday, Lin was given a gift that would shape his life. On that day his fathertook him to the Children’s Activity Centre and said he could choose any course that interested him. There was just one requirement: Lin would have to promise to study it for at least one year.
To that point Lin had had many hobbies, but none kept his interest for more than a week ortwo. His mum once gave him a bag of stamps to encourage stamp collecting. That hobby lasted aweek. Then his father got him some paints hoping that Lin’s artistic side would shine through. Those paints were now under his bed, still unopened. This time Lin’s parents would let him decide.
Lin’s eyes moved down the noticeboard that listed all the courses on offer. He stopped at'Photography'. He liked the idea of taking beautiful pictures but the notice said that each studentneeded their own camera. Although Lin’s family weren’t poor, they weren’t rich either, and acamera cost a lot of money. He continued looking.
The next course to catch his eyewas'Language Art'. He didn’t even know what that meant. His father explained that it taught people how to make public speeches. Lin, a shy boy, could thinkof nothing worse.
Then he saw it.'Cooking'sounded like something he’d like to do. It was inexpensive andconvenient, it could be done alone and it was also creative.
Based on Lin’s hobby history, his dad had doubts, but he agreed. Much to his parents’surprise,Lin kept his promise. He studied cooking at the Centre every Saturday, and practised at home,making delicious meals for his family. Everyone looked forward to birthdays, when they could eathis cakes. Lin got great satisfaction from the pleasure his food brought to others.
The months turned to years but his hobby never changed again.
Now Lin is an adult and runs a successful restaurant. When customers say they enjoy his meal, he still gets the same pleasure he did as a child, and remembers the special gift he received all thoseyears ago.
26. Why didn’t Lin choose to study photography?
A. It was too expensive.
B. He had no interest in it.
C. He was not very creative.
D. It was not offered that term.
27. The underlined expression'catch his eye'in Paragraph 4 means“”.
A.make him excited
B.cause him surprise
C.get his attention
D.help him see clearly
28. Which of the following best describes Lin’s interest in cooking?
A. It only lasted for a short time.
B. It seemed to match his character.
C. It was forced on him by his parents.
D. It developed slowly over many months.
29. Why did the father have doubts about Lin’s choice of cooking?
A.Lin wasn’t good at cooking.
B.Cooking wasn’t very convenient.
C.He didn’t think Lin would continue.
D.Cooking wasn’t a good hobby for a boy.
30. What’s the best title for the passage?
A.A Strict Father
B.A Changeable Boy
C.The Fun of Cooking
D.The Birthday Gift
Experts believe that there are more than 8 million restaurants in the world today. So it mightsurprise you to learn that restaurants, as we know them, have only existed for a few centuries. Before 1765, there were no restaurants. That is, there were no places that provided the restaurantexperience. There was nowhere in which a waiter brought you food and drink that you picked froma menu. In fact, there were no menus anywhere.
There were eating places travellers could go to centuries before that. The countryside was fullof inns that would serve food. And there were taverns where one could get drinks. The rich couldalso eat special meals prepared by private cooks. But none of them could be called a“restaurant”.
A man called Boulanger changed that. In 1765, he opened a place in Paris that sold soups(汤). On his sign he used the word'restaurant'to describe what he was selling. At that time, soups wereconsidered something that could help'restore'(恢复)your health- in French the word'restore'is“restaurer”--- so he called the soups'restaurants'. Soon, people started buying Boulanger’s soups even when they were not ill. And over time, people began to use the word'restaurant' torefer to a place selling soup rather than the soup itself. More'restaurants'opened in France, andpeople began to buy soups more often.
Later, restaurants in Paris began to serve other food besides soup. In the 1790s,menus startedto appear. By the mid-1800s, there were many types of restaurants throughout the world. TheUnited States offered coffee shops. Tea houses became popular throughout China. Paris createdbeautiful restaurants for the rich. The British began to copy the French, and the restaurant ideaspread throughout the British Empire.
Today cities are filled with all types of restaurants. Diners have millions of options from